The Federal Aviation Administration has published a Final Rule that permits flight instruction, including required Flight Reviews, in single-control (throw-over yoke) airplanes without the need for an individual exemption to FAR 91.109. The new rule, published along with a number of other changes to Parts 61 and 91, becomes effective October 31, 2011.
ABS provided comments to the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM)
for this change in 2009. Our comments were incorporated into the final rule.
Until now 14 CFR 91.109 prohibited most flight instruction in single-control airplanes in single-control airplanes (including "throwover yoke" Bonanzas, Debonairs, Barons and Travel Airs). This revision still requires both the pilot receiving instruction and the flight instructor to be current to act as pilot-in-command (current medical, current, unexpired Flight Review, high performance and complex endorsements, and in the case of Barons and Travel Airs, already hold a multiengine rating), all of which were required under previous exemptions. The flight instructor must also have logged at least 25 hours as Pilot-in-Command of the same make and model of airplane prior to giving single-control instruction in that model.
The stipulations above have previously been a requirement of single-control instruction performed under an exemption to 91.109. The difference as of October 31, 2011 is that any current flight instructor may now provide this training without need for an written exemption from the FAA to provide instruction under these conditions.
Any instruction when the pilot is not current or does not hold high performance, complex endorsements, or is not multiengine rated (for Barons and Travel Airs) still requires dual flight controls or an exemption to FAR 91.109.
There are more details to the new rule that we'll report on after time permits a thorough review of the changes. You may read the full rule here
. The changed text of 14 CFR 91.109, effective October 31, 2011, follows:A